This chapter discusses a conceptual framework for integrated health and environmental assessment that combines health status, and the physical, socioeconomic and cultural environments in order to improve human health and minimize environmental impact. This concept's application in the management of human and animal excreta in Vietnam is then described.
Hung Nguyen-Viet, Phuc Pham-Duc, Vi Nguyen, Tanner, M., Odermatt, P., Tu Vu-Van, Hoang Van Minh, Zurbrügg, C., Schelling, E. and Zinsstag J. 2015. A One Health perspective for integrated human and animal sanitation and nutrient recycling. In: Zinsstag, J., Schelling, E., Whittaker, M., Tanner, M. and Waltner-Toews, D. (eds.), One Health: The theory and practice of integrated health approaches. Wallingford, UK: CAB International: pp. 96-106.