World Antimicrobial Awareness Week is marked annually from 18 to 24 November to raise global awareness on antimicrobial resistance and encourage rational use of antimicrobials to reduce further emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance.
Antimicrobial resistance occurs when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change over time and no longer respond to medicines, making infections harder to treat and increasing the risk of disease spread, severe illness and death.
Antimicrobial resistance is currently one of the biggest threats to global public health. Researchers have estimated that bacterial antimicrobial resistance caused 1.2 million deaths in 2019.
Two-thirds of the global increase in antimicrobial use is from the agricultural sector. Rational use of animal health products, particularly antibiotics, should therefore be promoted as one of the strategies to reduce the spread of antimicrobial resistance.
The Animal and Human Health program of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to effectively manage or eliminate livestock, zoonotic and foodborne diseases that matter to the poor through the generation and use of knowledge, technologies and products, leading to higher farmer incomes and better health and nutrition for consumers and livestock.
Our research approach to improving flock and herd health in smallholder systems promotes the rational use of antibiotics. To this end, we work with national, regional and international partners to carry out research on antimicrobial resistance at the human–livestock interface.
To celebrate World Antimicrobial Awareness Week 2022, under the theme Preventing Antimicrobial Resistance Together, we feature a curated selection of recent research outputs on antimicrobial resistance authored and co-authored by scientists from ILRI’s Animal and Human Health program.
Peer-reviewed journal articles
- Brunn, A., Kadri-Alabi, Z., Moodley, A., Guardabassi, L., Taylor, P., Mateus, A. and Waage, J. 2022. Characteristics and global occurrence of human pathogens harboring antimicrobial resistance in food crops: A scoping review. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 6: 824714.
- Garza, M., Mohan, C.V., Brunton, L., Wieland, B. and Häsler, B. 2022. Typology of interventions for antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in aquaculture systems in low- and middle-income countries. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 59(1): 106495.
- Holohan, N., Wallat, M., Thi Hai Yen Luu, Clark, E., Duong Thi Quy Truong, Sinh Dang-Xuan, Hue Thi Kim Vu, Dung Van Truong, Hoang Tran Huy, Hung Nguyen-Viet, Unger, F., Son Thi Thanh Dang and Stabler, R.A. 2022. Analysis of antimicrobial resistance in non-typhoidal Salmonella collected from pork retail outlets in Vietnam using whole genome sequencing. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 9: 816279.
- Hung Nguyen-Viet, Lam, S., Huong Nguyen-Mai, Dao Thu Trang, Vu Thi Phuong, Nguyen Do Anh Tuan, Dang Quang Tan, Nguyen Thu Thuy, Dang Thuy Linh and Phuc Pham-Duc. 2022. Decades of emerging infectious disease, food safety, and antimicrobial resistance response in Vietnam: The role of One Health. One Health 14: 100361.
- Nohrborg, S., Dione, M.M., Winfred, A.C., Okello, L., Wieland, B. and Magnusson, U. 2022. Geographic and socioeconomic influence on knowledge and practices related to antimicrobial resistance among smallholder pig farmers in Uganda. Antibiotics 11(2): 251.
- Sharma, G., Mutua, F., Deka, R.P., Shome, R., Bandyopadhyay, S., Shome, B.R., Kumar, N.G., Grace, D., Dey, T.K. and Lindahl, J. 2022. Comparing the effectiveness of different approaches to raise awareness about antimicrobial resistance in farmers and veterinarians of India. Frontiers in Public Health 10: 837594.
Conference posters and presentations
- Dey, T.K., Shome, B., Deka, R.P., Shome, R. and Lindahl, J. 2022. Molecular characterization of antibiotic resistant bacteria and antimicrobial residues in the dairy milk in India. Poster presented at the 16th International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Halifax, Canada, 9 August 2022. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
- Kakooza, S., Eneku, W., Waiswa, J., Barasa, M., Ayebare, D., Mbatidde, I., Ndoboli, D., Dione, M., Roesel, K., Tenhagen, B.-A. and Moodley, A. 2022. Capacity building through training in antimicrobial resistance control in Uganda’s poultry value chains. Poster presented at the Boosting Uganda’s Investment in Livestock Development (BUILD) project annual planning meeting, Kampala, Uganda, 20–22 September 2022. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
- Mbatidde, I., Ndoboli, D., Ayebare, D., Biryomumaisho, S., Roesel, K., Dione, M., Muloi, D., Tenhagen, B.-A., Wampande, E., Olsen, J.E. and Moodley, A. 2022. Antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in broiler farms in peri-urban Wakiso, Uganda. Poster presented at the 16th International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Halifax, Canada, 9 August 2022. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
- Moodley, A. 2022. Antimicrobial resistance in the animal sector. Presentation at the ReAct Africa and South Centre 2022 annual conference, Lusaka, Zambia, 25–27 July 2022. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
- Mutua, F., Kiarie, G., Mbatha, M., Onono, J., Boqvist, S., Kilonzi, E., Lindahl, J. and Lewerin, S.S. 2022. Antimicrobial use in a peri-urban smallholder poultry system, Kenya. Poster presented at the 16th International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Halifax, Canada, 9 August 2022. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
- Worku, M., Gelaw, B., Tesema, B., Ferede, G., Moodley, A. and Grace, D. 2022. High erythromycin-resistant Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli among humans and chickens in Africa. Poster presented at the 16th International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Halifax, Canada, 11 August 2022. Hawassa, Ethiopia: Hawassa University.
Join the online conversations by following the hashtags #AntimicrobialResistance and #WAAW.